TYPES OF TOURISM IN BULGARIA

Love the beautiful nature, interesting excursions, good food and good wine — look round in Bulgaria! Until the beginning of the holiday season, prices in hotels on the shores of the Black Sea, in spite of the May holidays, quite pleasant. Do not be guided by a «star», it is better do not be lazy to read the reviews, because «three rubles» in the country could easily be better «five». Sea Tourism More than 370 km of the beach strip of fine sand, moderate temperatures and many sunny days a year, from May to October, among the main reasons of the traditional presence of marine tourism in the tourist offer of Bulgaria. The Bulgarian Black Sea coast with a comfortable hotel base. Sea resorts, Golden Sands, St. Constantine and Elena, Riviera, Sunny Day, Albena, St. Vlas, Elenite, Nessebar, Sozopol and dunes provide services of tourists a wide variety of opportunities for entertainment, family fun and sports. It offers conditions for water skiing, diving, surfing, archeology, underwater fishing and others. Opportunities for sailing with the necessary for this purpose by the customs service and the services offered Yachting marinas in Varna, Balchik, Nessebar and Bourgas.

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Skiing and mountaineering in the winter season — the Rhodope Mountains, Rila, Pirin and Vitosha offer the most attractive opportunities for Providence ski holiday in Pamporovo, Bansko, Dobrinishte, Chepelare, Borovets, Semkovo, Malyovitsa, etc. Convenient ski slopes, reaches a length of about 80 km. denivelyatsiey with up to 1500 m, the length of the season to 190 days, continuously updated infrastructure (ski slopes, lifts and so on.), a variety of conditions for accommodation and others. guarantee excellent conditions for a perfect winter holiday providence. Summer — Bulgarian mountains offer a variety of opportunities for recreation and tourism. The mountains are well passable, with a clear marking of routes, reaching a total length of 37,000 km. Tourists who want to take your time in Bulgaria, can enroll in the program of walking, biking — or equestrian tourism, to try to force in a parachute or water sports, caving tourism, climbing, delta gliding or steam, to take part in an orienteering event in the Scout camps and OE Ecotourism National program «Bulgarian eco trail ‘, developed and implemented by the Bulgarian Association of rural and ecological tourism, is the equipment difficult, but beautiful areas in the hilly and mountainous areas of the country bridges, stairs, railings and pr. interesting tourist product are a set of marked trails in the mountainous, hilly and flat and hilly areas. Ecological trails are a kind of novelty for Bulgaria. To create them using only natural materials, arranging them in an attractive environment with a high degree of biological diversity. The most interesting eco trails in Bulgaria, Negovanskya eco trail along the gorge p. Negovanka, p. Emen, Veliko Tarnovo district, Krushunskaya eco trail in Krushunskom mountain stage with. Letniitsa, Lovech Province, Yuzhnorodopskaya eco trail at p. Jagodina, Borino community in the Rhodope Mountains, Dryanovo eco path near the Dryanovo Monastery, Trynskaya eco trail in western Bulgaria, near the picturesque river gorge. Hermas, Koprenskaya eco trail at p. Kopilovtsi on Mount Chiprovkoy, Vratsa eco path in natural park Vratsa Balkan Balneological Tourism Balneological tourism is a traditional element of the image of Bulgaria as a tourist destination. The tradition to use the healing properties of water and natural resources is deeply rooted in the times of the Thracians, reputed to be skilled healers who know the healing properties of mineral springs. The Roman Empire had inherited the tradition and the «sacred» springs of Thrace become known in all parts of the Great Empire. In recent years, the world has witnessed a whole new attitude towards prevention and active recreation. Balneological turizmNemnogo countries in Europe may have to compete with Bulgaria in relation abundance variety of thermal mineral waters of all kinds of physical and chemical composition and natural healing mud treatment pools. Known and studied more than 500 locations with 1600 mineral springs in the overall rate of 4900 l / sec. Dominated brackish mineral water -66.7%, -14.4 mineralized mineral waters and aerated waters% — 17.9%. The chemical composition of the Bulgarian thermo-mineral water is also very diverse. Also brackish fluid, and the country has valuable sulfide, radon, a silicon, chlorine, sodium, sourish and containing fluorine, iron and arsenic mineral waters. Especially valuable resource for the country are the deposits of high-quality firth curative mud and curative peat. Valuable in their chemical composition and ingredients of the mineral water found in the valleys with a typical Mediterranean climate, abundance of thermal mineral waters and mud have thalassotherapy area on the Black Sea coast, many of the locations of mineral springs are located in mountainous or hilly terrain with rich bio-climatic and landscape qualities in very close to the pure mountain streams and coniferous vegetation, creating a unique environment with an invaluable yonoobrazuyuschimi factors and physiological and therapeutic value in Bulgaria successfully used a huge variety of herbs and plants for the purpose of application of phyto — and aromatherapy, as well as the healing properties of bee products. Balneolechenie Bulgaria has traditional roots. Balneological, climatological and mud-cure centers are located both along the Black Sea coast and in the interior regions of the country, among the hilly and mountainous terrain. The spa center are working well-trained specialists, using all available and additional medical resources. Richly din and reducing medical tourism programs makes the Bulgarian balneological centers not only for treatment and prevention, but also attracts more and more healthy people, the thirst for relaxation and getting rid of daily sterssa.Komfortnoe accommodation and maintenance, treatment and prevention in the spirit of modern requirements also offer a number of balneological hotel, highly qualified staff that is ready to provide a wide range of wellness treatments. Some of the proposed services and programs: classic bath with mineral water, classical, underwater and untraditional massages, thalassotherapy, whirlpool baths, helio prevention, massages, traditional acupuncture, acupuncture, physiotherapy, lazerpunktura, Chinese energy massage, cryotherapy, paraffin treatment, inhalation , apitherapy, aromatherapy, herbal medicine, mud-cure and sluzelechebnye applications, ozone — and kislodioterapiya, therapeutic program for elderly clients, anti-stress program, a program to reduce weight, diet regimes, sauna, solarium, fitness, medical cosmetics, balneokosmetika, aesthetic surgery, and more. ., Etc. In parallel with the providence of treatment and prevention are available and opportunities sports: water sports, tennis on grass, jogging, cycling. You can enroll on a walking tour in the mountains, and more. et al. Rural Tourism Activities in the Bulgarian village offers a unique opportunity to touch the roots of the national spirit and tradition, feel the unique Bulgarian way of life, an invisible thread connecting times and cultures. Attractive natural environment, preserved traditions and crafts, unique folklore, typical rural atmosphere — architectural and ethnographic reserves, traditional cuisine, as well as the well-known Bulgarian hospitality captivate fans of this kind of tourism. In recent years in Bulgaria more clearly designated areas of rural tourism — West and Central part of Stara Planina, and Rhodope Predbalkanie, as well as a number of villages located close to the seaside resorts. To date, more than 50 villages and 30 monasteries offer a place for tourists. The Bulgarian tourist village is seen as a guest, and it can feel like a family friend or a traveler — the researcher. Typically guests stay in small family hotels, along with the owners of the house are involved in cooking and, if desired, in a variety of agricultural work. The village offers a variety of attractive rather fun as walking on the cart or on horseback walking through the neighborhood. Tourists are accepted participation in the production of handicrafts and carry away by their own hands creations -. Thread objects in wood, textile designs, ceramic tableware, elegant wrought iron, etc. If desired, guests organizes cooking classes, wine tasting, Bulgarian folklore studies. You can even watch or even participate in the adopted family, tribal or religious festivities, People’s Council, see the unique traditions and customs. Preservation of traditions of a healthy lifestyle, characteristic of the inhabitants of the Bulgarian village, the tourists especially impressive. Mowing and hand milking, the production of homemade cheese and sour milk collection and processing of medicinal herbs and forest fruits, cooking homemade jams and marmalade — all skillfully transformed into a tourism product elements of rural Bulgaria. Hunting and fishing as the types of tourism in Bulgaria has excellent conditions for hunting big game. This type of tourism offer of Forestry. Game in Bulgaria has 18,974 heads of noble goals and 4200 normal deer, 69795 deer, 1799 wild goats, mouflons in 2066, more than 41536 wild pigs, more than 930 bears in 2386 grouse, hares, partridges, pheasants. Successfully developed and new populations of red deer and mouflon. Bulgaria’s fish resources are also very diverse. Conditions for fishing freshwater species (. Carp, trout, catfish, Kostur, hake, white fish, maple, etc.) are created in a number of mountain forest areas, especially in the mountains of Stara Planina — Ribaritsa, Cherni Vit, Belogradchik, Montana and others. black sea catch sturgeon, flounder, bluefish, sea mullet, and others. Tourist and othodnicheskie house in the forest provide an opportunity to place overnight under the conditions corresponding to modern requirements. A number of forestry conditions have been created not only for hunting, but also for the organization and conduct of business, family, equestrian, fishing, ecological tourism, photo safaris, as well as visits to natural and historical attractions in the immediate vicinity. More than 2,500 foreign hunters hunt each year in Bulgaria, most of them visit the country is no longer the first time. Cultural and educational tourism Millennial Bulgaria occupies only about 2% in Europe, affects everyone who comes here for the first time, its more than 40,000 cultural and historical sights, 9 of which are included in the list of world cultural and natural heritage under UNESCO protection. Cultural and educational turizmDrevnie inhabitants of present Bulgarian lands bequeathed to their descendants inherited many monuments from different historical periods, among which the most important is the unique prehistoric finds, Thracian treasures, temples, tombs, objects Greek times, the remains of Roman cities and castles, historical monuments during the First and Second Bulgarian kingdom, architectural attractions of the Bulgarian national revival, have issued the appearance of entire cities and their parts. An invaluable cultural and historical heritage of the country attracts more and more insistent interest of tourists, thus developing a special kind of tourism — cultural-educational. In Bulgaria, 43 cultural and historical reserve, over 160 monasteries, 300 museums and galleries, many churches and unique buildings and complexes, declared monuments of culture. Most travel agencies usually include in their programs visiting cultural and historical sites, participate in a variety of cultural events, accommodation in the old Bulgarian houses and others.

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Guests of the country can also visit the traditional activities of the Bulgarian wine production, rose oil, etc., To enroll traditional Bulgarian crafts -. embroidery, knitting, woodcarving, pottery, etc., to explore the authentic Bulgarian folklore and other visitors are given the opportunity to more fully inclusive and get acquainted with the authentic culture of the Bulgarians by participating in various events of the rich cultural and historical cathedrals calendar , national and international festivals, traditional games, honoring, etc. Art lovers can enjoy concerts, exhibitions, film festivals, opera, ballet and dramatic performances, etc. Specialized tourism Nature Bulgaria delivers outstanding enrichment of the Bulgarian tourist product with new and new types of tourism. The network of 3 national and 11 natural parks, 89 nature reserves and 2234 natural attractions create conditions for different types of specialized tourism — photo safari, bird watching and plants, climbing, hiking, mountain bike, speleological tourism, etc. Many visiting Bulgaria tourist show. interest in participating in ethnographic expeditions, underwater archeology, visiting various spiritual centers -. monasteries and churches, Dynovistkih places, Thracian sanctuaries, etc. Ornithological tourism in Bulgaria is observed exceptionally rich variety of birds. Due passing through the country transcontinental migratory bird areas — Via Pontica and Via Aristotelis, wet areas on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast and the Danube River, but also because of the diversity of natural conditions in the country, is home to nearly 70% of all the birds of the European continent. The most suitable places for observation are situated along the coast of the Danube, on the beach, in a natural park Shumen Plateau, on Provadiya plateau in the reserves «Gorna Topchiy» and «Dolna Topchiy ‘on p. Tundzha, in the natural park Sinite Kamani, in the Eastern Rhodopes. Rules of visiting these places is strictly adheres to the Law on Protected Areas.